|Position geography climate population politics area history economical transportation traveling correlation link|
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is called newly, is located our country northwest border area, east, south and Gansu, Qinghai, Tibet are neighboring, northeastern part to north-west and Mongolian, Russian, 哈萨克斯坦, Kyrgyzstan, 塔吉克斯坦, Afghan, Pakistani, the Indian eight countries is the neighbour, is the our country border line longest province.
|Geography||Returns to the page head|
Middle the home court terrain approximately is divided the Altay, the Tianshan mountainous region, Kunlun Mountain and of the Pamirs, accurate Ge you the basin, the Tarim basin and so on several parts, Tianshan spans south, divides into Xinjiang the boundary and the northern border, Karokoram Mountains' tall 戈里 peak elevation 8,611 meters, is the world second peak, Tarim basin between Tianshan and the Kunlun Mountains mountain system is the our country biggest basin, in the basin Takla Makan desert is the our country biggest desert, also is in the world the second big mobile desert, within the boundaries the rivers mostly are an inland river, Tarim River is the our country longest inland river. Xinjiang's geography most quite many, is main as follows:
The Xinjiang area more than 1.66 million square
kilometers, occupy the nation land area 1/6, is the Chinese area
biggest provincial capital area.
|Climate||Returns to the page head|
Xinjiang take Tianshan as, may divide into the northern border and south the boundary two parts. The northern border is the temperate zone continental arid half dry climate, south the boundary is the warm temperate zone continental dry climate, the temperature change fierce, sunshine sufficient, the precipitation are few, 空气干燥, northern border annual mean temperature -4 ℃ - 9 ℃, south boundary 7 ℃ - 14 ℃, about northern border annual mean precipitation 150 millimeters, south boundary 25 - 100 millimeters. Whole year frost-free period generally in 180 - 220 days. The Turpan area is the nation summer the burning hottest place, usually has "the fire continent" the name.
|Population||Returns to the page head|
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region total population 19.05 million. Has Uygur, the Chinese, Khazak, returns to, Mongolia, Kirgiz, the Siberia, Tadjik, Uzbek, is full, reaches mediates you, nationality and so on Russia. Until to 2002 year's end, the local population increased 290000 compared to the last year, cities increased 115100, the rural population increase 174900. Whole year the baby birth rate is 16.30 ‰, mortality rate 5.43 ‰, natural rate of growth 10.87 ‰. In 2002 the local employment personnel reaches 7010000.
|Political area||Returns to the page head|
TheXinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region area more than 1.6 million square kilometers, govern 7 local, 5 autonomous prefectures, 2 places levels cities, 11 municipal districts, 17 county level cities, 62 counties, 6 autonomous counties. Altogether includes 230 towns, 589 townships, 43 ethnic townships, 38 subdistrict offices. The capital is Urumqi.
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region politics area chart
|History||Returns to the page head|
Xinjiang, the ancient name western region, was a Chinese inalienable part since old times. 60 B.C., the Western Han Dynasty central political power sets up the western region all to protect the government office, Xinjiang officially becomes the Chinese territory a part. In 1884 the Qing government supposed the province in Xinjiang. In 1949 the Xinjiang peaceful liberation, on 1955 October 1 established the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
|Economy||Returns to the page head|
The agricultural owner produces the wheat, the corn and the paddy rice, the cotton is the most main industrial crop, in domestic holds the important status, the animal husbandry domestic animal has the cow, the horse, the sheep, the camel and so on, Iraqi pear horse, the fine-wool sheep are extremely famous. Xinjiang has "township of" the fruits and melons laudatory name, the grape, the Hami melon, the watermelon, the fig, the fragrant pear, the almond tree, the pellicle walnut and so on enjoys the high reputation. The home court minerals are rich, natural gas mining, the processing industry into formidable leadership industry, the spinning and weaving, food, the building materials industry have the certain scale.
In 2002 the entire boundary realization GDP amounts to 159.8 billion Yuan, grew about 8.1% compared to the last year. The primary industry GDP 30.5 billion Yuan, the total agricultural output value 36.3 billion Yuan, produce the grain 8.36 million tons, the cotton 1.74 million tons, the fuel oils 440,000 tons, the sugar 4.67 million tons, the fruit 1.98 million tons, the meats 1 million tons, the milk class 1.01 million tons. Second industry GDP 67.2 billion Yuan, industry 47.3 billion Yuan, architecture industry 19.9 billion Yuan. The tertiary industry GDP 62.1 billion Yuan, the transportation stored in a storehouse the posts and telecommunications to correspond 13.3 billion Yuan, wholesale and the retail sales trade dining industry 14 billion Yuan, GDP grows 8.1% compared to the last year, the per capital GDP amounted to 8,365 Yuan. In 2002 this local renewal transformation investment cost is 11 billion Yuan. The cities inhabitant completely receives 7,453 Yuan, average per person may control the income approximately 6,900 Yuan, the actual disbursement 7,160 Yuan, the expense disburses 5,636 Yuan, the non- expense disburses 1,524 Yuan, the Engel coefficient is 33.9%. The local fixed asset investment cost is 70 billion Yuan.
Year's end in the hillock staff 2.406 million people, dropped 2.6% compared to the last year, state-owned enterprise unit 1.9031 million people, drop 3.6%; The collective unit 99,400 people, drop 14.7%, other unit 403,500 people, grow 6.7%. According to the labor department statistics, year's end the state-owned enterprise unemployed 78,400 people, the unemployed again gets employed the population 32,200 people. Year's end really has the registration unemployment 126,800 people, the cities registration unemployment rate is 3.7%. Whole year realizes the employment and gets employed the person to amount to again 322,800 people, state-owned unit places 29,900 people, the cities collective unit places 54,700 people, operates privately, individual and the three investments enterprise places personnel 150100, other units place 88,100 people.
The transportation take the road primarily, by Urumqi as a center, has links up various oases 环行线and blue new, blue is new, province border line and so on Xinjiang and Tibet, the railroad has Lanchow Sinkiang line, south the boundary line, the northern border line and so on, the aviation take Urumqi as the center, passable toward area in and domestic and foreign more than 40 cities, moreover Korla, Karamay, 阿勒泰, Chuguchak, Bole, the Kulja, Aqsu, Kashi, and the field, also places such as end, Shihezi all have the civilian airliner take off and landing.
In 2002 the entire social passenger transport rate is more than 17,300 people, the volume of passenger turnover is 23.1 billion passenger-kilometer, whole year the transported goods volume more than 22,400 tons, the freight transportation turnover measures 55.6 billion ton kilometers, railroad aspect passenger transport rate 9.19 million people, the transported goods volume 39.56 million tons, volume of passenger turnover 8.8 billion passenger-kilometer, the freight transportation turnover measures 34.1 billion ton kilometers, the road passenger transport rate 164.21 million people, the transported goods volume 184.51 million tons, volume of passenger turnover 14.3 billion passenger-kilometer, the freight transportation turnover measures 21.6 billion ton kilometers.
|Traveling||Returns to the page head|
Within the boundaries of Xinjiang natural
landscape strange grand, the desert is vast, rivers vertically and
horizontally, national custom, appeal abundant, has national level
scenery scenic spot area 1, provincial level scenery scenic spot area
27, nature protection area 16, and has 11 mountain peaks to foreign
countries opening up, 7 - September are the best tourist seasons.
The main scenic site Tianshan day pond scenery scenic spot area,
Turfan's Su Gongta and the grape ditch scenery, the ridge well, the
flame mountain, the Kezier Thousand Buddhas Cave, Lop Nor, the Kashi
scenic spot, Urumqi's warning lake, the levigation ditch, the swallow
nest and so on extremely are all famous. The Uygur national
minority classical divertimento "12 Wooden Kamm" the dance unifies,
continuously sings needs for 20 hours, the festival celebrates often
holds on the one hand the song on the other hand to dance "west the
wheat to be hot 甫", "the match is 姆" the dance, jumps step washes
one's hands of, revolves rapidly. The Kazakh national minority
most likes "阿肯 plays an instrument and sings", is called 阿肯
the folk poet may 即景生情, has a ready pen. The Tadjik race
herdsmen friendly blow Qin "the hawk flute", as soon as sings hundred
and, bold is melodious. The commonly used national musical
instrument including is alone its you, the hand drum, the hot tile 甫
and so on. "Ah Fan-ti's Story", "Mullah Then Ding's Story" and
so on widely spreads.
|Correlation link||Returns to the page head|