Jiangxi Province

Position  geography  climate  population  politics area  history  economical  transportation  traveling  correlation link


Returns to the page head

    Jiangxi Province is called Jianxi, is located middle and lower reaches Yangtze River the Nanan. East neighbour Zhejiang, Fujian two provinces, north with Hubei, Anhui two provinces border on, south continually Guangdong Province, west adjoins Hunan Province. Is situated at the east longitude 113°34 ' - 118°28 ', north latitude 24°29 ' - 30°04 '.

Geography Returns to the page head

    Within the boundaries east, west, south three goes around a mountain, middle the knoll broad cloth, north is the Poyang Lake plain, around the topography high, middle is low, and in inclines by the side, just like the basin which opens the mouth to the north. Main rivers Ganjiang River, Xin Jiang, Po Jiang and so on all 汇注 Poyang Lake. Poyang Lake is the our country biggest fresh water lake.

Climate Returns to the page head

    Jiangxi is the subtropics moist monsoon climate. Four seasons distinct, summer winter long, spring autumn short, climate temperate, the rainfall is abundant. Annual mean temperature 16 ℃ - 20 ℃, annual mean precipitation 1,200 - 1,900 millimeters.

Population Returns to the page head

    The Jiangxi Province total population 42.22 million, has the Chinese, returns to, the seedling, 畲, precious and so on the nationality. In 2002 the local population birth rate is 14.74 ‰, mortality rate 6.02 ‰, natural rate of growth 8.72 ‰. Until locally gets employed the person to 2002 year's end to amount to 19.55 million people.

Political area Returns to the page head

    This province area more than 160,000 square kilometers, the entire province governs 11 places levels city, 19 municipal districts, 10 county level cities, 70 counties. The altogether 789 towns, 719 townships (7 ethnic townships), 107 subdistrict offices, the provincial capital is Nanchang.

Jiangxi Province politics area chart

History Returns to the page head

    The Spring and Autumn Period Warring States time is Chu. Qin sets at the Jiujiang county, the Chinese is Yangchow, Tang is west Chiangnan to say. The Yuan sets at Jiangxi 行省, is clear is Jiangxi Province. The Second Revolutionary Civil War time, Jiangxi is our country revolution cradle, of is the Chinese People's Liberation Army's one of birth and labor movement places of origin. In the long-term revolutionary struggle, the Jiangxi people took place of the fallen, have put in the huge sacrifice, revolutionized the victory for China to make the prominent contribution.

Economy Returns to the page head

    The Jiangxi Province agriculture owner produces industrial crop and so on the paddy rice as well as cotton, rape, sugar cane, hemp. In addition also is rich in the tea, the fruit and the bamboo. The Poyang Lake plain is the national important commodity grain base. The Yangtze River coast and the Poyang lake district fresh water fish industry is developed. The industry has the steel and iron, the machinery, chemical, the cement, the coal, non-ferrous metal smelting, textile, the ceramic class. Constructs the building materials, mining, the fireworks, the food processing primarily rural enterprise, becomes promotes the rural economy significant prop. In 2002 completes the GDP 245 billion Yuan, per capital GDP 5,827 Yuan. The entire annual production grain 15.5 million tons, complete the industrial production resultant 69.2 billion Yuan, produces the cement 19.66 million tons; Completes the tertiary industry output value 97.6 billion Yuan, transportation stores in a storehouse the posts and telecommunications correspondence industry 22.5 billion Yuan, wholesale and the retail sales trade dining industry 20.5 billion Yuan, whole year realizes the fixed asset investment 61.2 billion Yuan. In 2002 the local cities inhabitant average per person may control receives 6,336 Yuan, actual disbursement 5,828 Yuan.


Returns to the page head

    The transportation by the railroad primarily, 京九铁路 passes through after Nanchang its middle, moves towards the Zhejiang and Jiangxi provinces line constitution cross aorta with the thing, moreover also has line and so on Yingtan-Xiamen, Anhui Jianxi. In the province the road take Nanchang, Ganzhou, Ji'an, on the bonus, Fuzhou and so on as a center, vertically and horizontally links up, forms the lattice, the south highway transportation quite is important. The water transportation by Ganjiang River, caresses the river, Po Jiang, the Xin Jiang primarily route, may understand Yangtze River. Moreover city and so on Nanchang, Jingdezhen, Ganzhou all has the spatial port, passable toward national more than 20 major and medium cities.

Traveling Returns to the page head

    The Jiangxi history is glorious, the mountains and rivers exquisite silk, galaxy, is containing the rich scenery scenic spot resources and the bright historical relics, enjoyed "since old times 物华 天宝, person outstanding earth deities" laudatory name. The fluttering flags lake and mountain scenery complementing each other, the precious cultural relic inheritance and the multitudinous revolutionary memorial hall, vertically and horizontally interweave, strives for hegemony unexpectedly Xiu, each century, constitutes many contents to be rich, the landscape unusually, the renowned at home and abroad scenery scenic spot area. Mainly has the Mount Lushan scenic spot, the Jingdezhen tour area, on the bonus Taoist trinity mountain breeze scenic area, the Jinggang Mountains scenic spot and so on. Moreover also has Nanchang the Baihuazhou, Teng Wangge, 81 parks, 81 revolts memorial halls and so on.
More >>

Correlation link Returns to the page head